Tuesday, October 4, 2011

Philippine Cuisine Cooking Methods

The Filipino/Tagalog words for popular cooking methods and terms are listed below:

"Adobo/Inadobo" − cooked in vinegar, oil, garlic and soy sauce.
"Babad/Binabad/Ibinabad" − to marinate.
"Banli/Binanlian/Pabanli" − blanched.
"Bagoong/Binagoongan/ – sa Bagoong" − cooked with fermented fish paste bagoong.
"Binalot" – literally "wrapped." This generally refers to dishes wrapped in banana leaves, pandan leaves, or even aluminum foil. The wrapper is generally inedible (in contrast to lumpia — see below).
"Buro/Binuro" − fermented.  It refers to the process of salting and fermenting seafood such as small crabs, milkfish, catfish, mudfish, eggs or vegetables.
"Daing/Dinaing/Padaing" − marinated with garlic, vinegar, and black peppers. Sometimes dried and usually fried or grilled before eating.
"Guinataan/sa Gata" − cooked with coconut milk.
"Guisa/Guisado/Ginisa" or "Gisado" − sautéed with garlic, onions and/or tomatoes.
"Halabos/Hinalabos" – mostly for shellfish. Steamed in their own juices and sometimes carbonated soda.
"Hilaw/Sariwa" – unripe (for fruits and vegetables), raw (for meats). Also used for uncooked food in general (as in lumpiang sariwa).
"Hinurno" – baked in an oven or roasted.
"Ihaw/Inihaw" − grilled over coals.
"Kinilaw" or "Kilawin" − marinated in vinegar or calamansi juice along with onions, ginger, and hot peppers.
"Laga/Nilaga/Palaga" − boiled/braised.
"Nilasing" − cooked with an alcoholic beverage like wine or beer.
"Lechon/Litson/Nilechon" − roasted on a spit.
"Lumpia" – wrapped with an edible wrapper.
"Minatamis" − sweetened.
"Pinakbet" − to cook with vegetables usually with sitaw (yardlong beans), kalabasa, talong (eggplant), ampalaya (bitter melon), and okra among others and bagoong.
"Paksiw/Pinaksiw" − cooked in vinegar.
"Pangat/Pinangat" − boiled in salted water with fruit such as tomatoes or ripe mangoes.
"Palaman/Pinalaman" − "filled" as in siopao, though "palaman" also refers to the filling in a sandwich.
"Pasingaw" - steamed.
"Pesa" - boiled sauteed fish with ginger, vegetables and fish sauce.
"Pinakuluan" – boiled.
"Pinais" - steamed food wrapped in banana or alagao leaves.
"Prito/Pinirito" − fried or deep fried. From the Spanish frito.
"Relleno/Relyeno" – stuffed.
"Tapa/Tinapa" – dried and smoked. Tapa refers to meat treated in this manner, mostly marinated and then dried and fried afterwards. Tinapa meanwhile is almost exclusively associated with smoked fish.
"Sarza/Sarciado" – cooked with a thick sauce.
"Sinangag" – garlic fried rice.
"Sigang/Sinigang" − boiled in a sour broth usually with a tamarind base. Other common souring agents include guava, raw mangoes, calamansi also known as calamondin.
"Sinuam" - boiled sauteed fish or shellfish with ginger and chili pepper leaves.
"Tosta/Tinosta/Tostado" – toasted.
"Torta/Tinorta/Patorta" – to cook with eggs in the manner of an omelette.

1 comment:

  1. Nice answers in replace of the question with real point of view and explaining about that.Dan

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